Difference between revisions of "Distributions"

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(English translation of the German original, 1st cut.)
 
(sync with german page)
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The aggregation of a Linux kernel, other system software such as a boot loader and applications are called '''distributions'''  Distributions differ in their ''philosophy'' such as being for free or commercial, the targeted audience, distribution medium, added value for example in form of software for installation and system maintenance and the way that support is handled.  Another differenciating factor - and the reason for the existence of this page is the degree of support for amateur radio.  This page is trying to give an overview.
 
The aggregation of a Linux kernel, other system software such as a boot loader and applications are called '''distributions'''  Distributions differ in their ''philosophy'' such as being for free or commercial, the targeted audience, distribution medium, added value for example in form of software for installation and system maintenance and the way that support is handled.  Another differenciating factor - and the reason for the existence of this page is the degree of support for amateur radio.  This page is trying to give an overview.
  
Live CDs for one thing are meant for trying out things for Linux beginners as they usually don't change the existing system.  They also are useful for testing to what degree a computer system is supported by Linux.  Live CDs are usually for the i386 architecture and are frequently based on Knoppix (http://www.knopper.net/knoppix/) which against is rooted on Debian.  Live CDs are interesting because some are optimized for amateur radio.
+
Live CDs for one thing are meant for trying out things for Linux beginners as they usually don't change the existing system.  They also are useful for testing to what degree a computer system is supported by Linux.  Live CDs are usually for the i386 architecture and are frequently based on Knoppix (http://www.knopper.net/knoppix/) which against is rooted on Debian.  Live CDs are interesting because some are optimized for amateur radio.
  
 
== Full distributions ==
 
== Full distributions ==
 
=== Debian ===
 
=== Debian ===
[http://www.de.debian.org/ Debian] is supporting 11 different hardware architectures and comes with a vast collection of amateur collection.  Basically there are three version of Debian available:
+
[http://www.debian.org/ Debian] is supporting 11 different hardware architectures and comes with a vast collection of amateur collection.  Basically there are three version of Debian available:
 
   
 
   
 
* [http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/ oldstable] (aka Woody) http://packages.debian.org/oldstable/hamradio/<br>for the predecessor of Sarge security updates will be available until at least May 2006.  For new installations generally Sarge is recommended.
 
* [http://www.debian.org/releases/woody/ oldstable] (aka Woody) http://packages.debian.org/oldstable/hamradio/<br>for the predecessor of Sarge security updates will be available until at least May 2006.  For new installations generally Sarge is recommended.
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=== Gentoo ===
 
=== Gentoo ===
* [http://www.gentoo.org/ Gentoo]<br>[http://www.gentoo-portage.com/media-radio/ Afu-Software]
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* [http://www.gentoo.org/ Gentoo]<br>[http://www.gentoo-portage.com/media-radio/ amateur radio software]
  
== Novell-SuSE / openSUSE ===
+
=== Novell-SuSE / openSUSE ===
For Novell-SuSE 9.3 and 10.0 i386 amateur radio software packages are getting maintained by Jörg, DL1BKE in his spare time.  They can be installed through SuSE's system managment tool YAST.  All it takes for example for SuSE 9.3 is adding  
+
Novell-SuSE doesn't activly support amateur radio software in its distribution any more.
 +
Despite that Novell-SuSE 9.3 and 10.0 i386 amateur radio software packages are getting maintained by Jörg, DL1BKE in his spare time.  They can be installed through SuSE's system management tool YOU/YAST.  All it takes for example for SuSE 9.3 is adding  
  
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
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as an installation source.
 
as an installation source.
  
Upto SuSE 9.0 or 9.1 amateur radio applications were still shipping on all installation media.  Later versions have them only on the DVD version.  For SuSE Live CDs amateur radio software has to be installed from the internet.
+
Upto SuSE 9.0 or 9.1 amateur radio applications were still shipping on all installation media.  Later versions had them only on the DVD version.  For SuSE Live CDs amateur radio software had to be installed from the internet.
  
SuSE has changed the "time base" in their kernels for SuSE 9.2 and 9.3 without fixing the timing for [[AX.25]] under <tt>/proc/sys/net/ax25</tt>.  With change a connection attempt will already timeout after 0.3s instead of 30s.
+
SuSE has changed the "time base" in their kernels for SuSE 9.2 and 9.3 without fixing the timing for [[AX.25]] under <tt>/proc/sys/net/ax25</tt>.  Without change a connection attempt will timeout after 0.3s instead of 300s.
 
   
 
   
Mailing list: suse-ham-help@suse.com
+
Mailing list: [http://lists.suse.com/archive/suse-ham/ SuSE-ham] - mostly german spoken on this list.<br>
 +
For further instructions e-mail the lists' robot suse-ham-help@suse.com
  
 
* [http://de.opensuse.org/ openSUSE]
 
* [http://de.opensuse.org/ openSUSE]
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=== Redhat / Fedora Core ===
 
=== Redhat / Fedora Core ===
None of the Redhat Linux rsp. Fedora Core distributions did every ship with amateur radio software.  For [[packet radio]] even the kernel will have to be replaced with kernel that has the necessary features built in since the distribution kernels don't come with AX.25 and the necessary drivers.
+
None of the Redhat Linux rsp. Fedora Core distributions did every ship with amateur radio software.  For [[packet radio]] even the kernel will have to be replaced with a kernel that has the necessary features built in since the distribution kernels don't come with AX.25 and the necessary drivers.
 
* [http://www.redhat.com/ Red Hat]
 
* [http://www.redhat.com/ Red Hat]
 +
 +
=== Ubuntu ====
 +
[http://www.ubuntulinux.org/ Ubuntu] is debian-based and is therefor compareable to debian respective to amateur radio support.
 +
 +
 +
== Live-CDs build for amateur radio support ==
 +
=== AR-Knoppix/Afu-Knoppix ===
 +
[http://www.afu-knoppix.de/neu/index.php?lng=1 AR-Knoppix] current version is V3.7 dated January 2005 (based on Knoppix 3.7 from December 2004)
 +
 +
=== Hamshack-Hack ===
 +
[http://hamshack-hack.sourceforge.net/ Hamshack-Hack] is based on Knoppix, too. Release:????
 +
  
 
[[de:Distributionen]]
 
[[de:Distributionen]]

Revision as of 18:05, 9 May 2006

The aggregation of a Linux kernel, other system software such as a boot loader and applications are called distributions Distributions differ in their philosophy such as being for free or commercial, the targeted audience, distribution medium, added value for example in form of software for installation and system maintenance and the way that support is handled. Another differenciating factor - and the reason for the existence of this page is the degree of support for amateur radio. This page is trying to give an overview.

Live CDs for one thing are meant for trying out things for Linux beginners as they usually don't change the existing system. They also are useful for testing to what degree a computer system is supported by Linux. Live CDs are usually for the i386 architecture and are frequently based on Knoppix (http://www.knopper.net/knoppix/) which against is rooted on Debian. Live CDs are interesting because some are optimized for amateur radio.

Full distributions

Debian

Debian is supporting 11 different hardware architectures and comes with a vast collection of amateur collection. Basically there are three version of Debian available:

Mailing list: debian-hams

Gentoo

Novell-SuSE / openSUSE

Novell-SuSE doesn't activly support amateur radio software in its distribution any more. Despite that Novell-SuSE 9.3 and 10.0 i386 amateur radio software packages are getting maintained by Jörg, DL1BKE in his spare time. They can be installed through SuSE's system management tool YOU/YAST. All it takes for example for SuSE 9.3 is adding

ftp://ftp.suse.com/pub/projects/ham/9.3-i386

as an installation source.

Upto SuSE 9.0 or 9.1 amateur radio applications were still shipping on all installation media. Later versions had them only on the DVD version. For SuSE Live CDs amateur radio software had to be installed from the internet.

SuSE has changed the "time base" in their kernels for SuSE 9.2 and 9.3 without fixing the timing for AX.25 under /proc/sys/net/ax25. Without change a connection attempt will timeout after 0.3s instead of 300s.

Mailing list: SuSE-ham - mostly german spoken on this list.
For further instructions e-mail the lists' robot suse-ham-help@suse.com.

The PPC architecture is supported since openSUSE 10.0

Redhat / Fedora Core

None of the Redhat Linux rsp. Fedora Core distributions did every ship with amateur radio software. For packet radio even the kernel will have to be replaced with a kernel that has the necessary features built in since the distribution kernels don't come with AX.25 and the necessary drivers.

Ubuntu =

Ubuntu is debian-based and is therefor compareable to debian respective to amateur radio support.


Live-CDs build for amateur radio support

AR-Knoppix/Afu-Knoppix

AR-Knoppix current version is V3.7 dated January 2005 (based on Knoppix 3.7 from December 2004)

Hamshack-Hack

Hamshack-Hack is based on Knoppix, too. Release:????